Eid ul
 
 

History Of Eid

Before the arrival of Islam in the Arab world, there is a talk about Eid festival as yawn al-sabasab and yawn al-sab’ and some other mentions among the Arab. The Israelites had also festivals as well but it is evident from Old Testament and some other scriptures that these festivals ascertained more to commemorating certain days of history. As per History of Eid or story behind Eid, this festival Eid-ul-Fitr was first originated by the last prophet of Islam, the Prophet Muhammad and occur on the first of month of Shawwal, after the end of holy month of fasting, the Ramadhan, in which Muslims undergo fasting for a period of one month.

According to convinced Ahadith, these pious festivals were instigated in Madinah after migration. Anas reports that:

When the Prophet Muhammad arrived at the city of Madinah, he found some people celebrating two explicit days in which people used to amuse and entertain by merriment and playing. Prophet Muhammad asked people regarding the nature of these sorts of celebrations and merriment at which people responded that these festivities were occasions of recreation and fun of days of jahilliyah. At this point, the Prophet Muhammad remarked that the Almighty God has set two days of holidays instead of these festivities for you, which is far better: Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha.

For Muslims, both the celebrations of Eid-ul-fitr and Eid-ul-adha are auspicious events of showing thankfulness to Almighty God and recalling him and a means of amusement and merriment. A’ishah reports that on the auspicious day of Eid when her father Abu Bakr Siddiq stopped some young girls from singing, Prophet Muhammad said: Abu Bakr! Every nation has their own ‘id and this is our Eid.

All Muslim fast on daily basis every year throughout the holy month of Ramadhan, from dawn until the dusk. Fasting involves abstaining from beverages, food and sexual relations. By withholding from some of the carnal and basic desires and needs, Muslims develop self-discipline or self-control: the ability to prevent from doing something one deeply and intensely desire, purely out of compliance to the Creator. This month-long exercise of fasting helps in developing and strengthening to live a life of wholesomeness and obedience to Almighty God regardless of the lure towards sin. Those people who are sick, traveling, and elderly or women who are nursing and pregnant are allowed to break the fast and cover up the missed days of Ramadhan at some later time. If they are incapable to do this later, they must provide food to a needy one for every missed day. Children are obligated to begin their fasting from the very age of puberty. Even though fasting is advantageous to health, it is considered chiefly as a way of spiritual self refinement.

 
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